As I have noted previously on this blog, I collect antique dolls as well as bathing beauties, especially German and French all-bisque dolls. For me, this tiny twosome is a terrific "two-fer." Just 2 5/8 inches tall, this brother and sister pair are ready for a day of sea and sand in their molded bathing suits. Unmarked, they are of excellent German bisque and quality. These little unjointed dolls are called badekinder (bathing children) in German or, as dubbed by American collectors, frozen Charlottes (the boys are frozen Charlies), a name inspired by the folk ballad of "Fair Charlotte."
As the Victorian era passed into the Edwardian and Roaring Twenties, a market developed for bisque and china bawdy novelties and figurines of women in revealing outfits. Although now most of these figurines seem more coy and cute than ribald and risque, in their time they symbolized the casting off of the perceived restraints of the Victorian era.
These little lovelies included bathing beauties, who came clad in swimsuits of real lace or in stylish painted beach wear, as well as mermaids, harem ladies, and nudies, who were meant to wear nothing more than an engaging smile. Also produced were flippers, innocent appearing figurines who reveal a bawdy secret when flipped over, and squirters, figurines that were meant to squirt water out of an appropriate orifice.
Most were manufactured in Germany from the late 1800s through the 1930s, often showing remarkable artistry and imagination, with Japan entering the market during World War I.